Peer-reviewed literature on coffee growing

compiled by Coffee & Conservation (
generated by Zotero
last updated January 2012

Afrifa AA, K. Ofori-Frimpong, Appiah MR, Halm BJ. 2003. Effects of mulching on soil nutrients and yield of Robusta coffee. Tropical Agriculture 80: 105-109.

Aguilar V, Staver C, Milberg P. 2003. Weed vegetation response to chemical and manual selective ground cover management in a shaded coffee plantation. Weed Research 43: 68-75.

Albertin A, Nair P. 2004. Farmers’ perspectives on the role of shade trees in coffee production systems: an assessment from the Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica. Human Ecology 32: 443-463.

Ambinakudige S, Sathish B. 2009. Comparing tree diversity and composition in coffee farms and sacred forests in the Western Ghats of India. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 987-1000.

Van Amstel M, de Brauw C, Driessen P, Glasbergen P. 2007. Reliability of product-specific eco-labels as an agrobiodiversity management instrument. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 4109-4129.

Anand MO, Krishnaswamy J, Das A. 2008. Proximity to forests drives bird conservation value of coffee plantations: implications for certification. Ecological Applications 18: 1754-1763.

Anthony F, Bertrand B, Quiros O, Wilches A, Lashermes P, Berthaud J, Charrier A. 2001. Genetic diversity of wild coffee (Coffea arabica L.) using molecular markers. Euphytica 118: 53-65.

Araujo WL, Dias PC, Moraes GABK, Celin EF, Cunha RL, Barros RS, DaMatta FM. 2008. Limitations to photosynthesis in coffee leaves from different canopy positions. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 46: 884-890.

Arellano L, Favila ME, Huerta C. 2005. Diversity of dung and carrion beetles in a disturbed Mexican tropical montane cloud forest and on shade coffee plantations. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 601-615.

Armbrecht I, Gallego MC. 2007. Testing ant predation on the coffee berry borer in shaded and sun coffee plantations in Colombia. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 124: 261-267.

Armbrecht I, Perfecto I., Silverman E. 2006. Limitation of nesting resources for ants in Colombian forests and coffee plantations. Ecological Entomology 31: 403-410.

Armbrecht I, Rivera L, Perfecto I. 2005. Reduced diversity and complexity in the leaf-litter ant assemblage of Colombian coffee plantations. Conservation Biology 19: 897-907.

Arrueta G, Hernández A, Espinoza AM. 2004. Diversity of Bacillus thuringiensis strains isolated from coffee plantationsinfested with the coffee berry borer Hypothenemus hampei. Revista de Biologia Tropical 52: 757-764.

van Asten PJA, Wairegi LWI, Mukasa D, Uringi NO. 2011. Agronomic and economic benefits of coffee-banana intercropping in Uganda’s smallholder farming systems. Agricultural Systems 104: 326-334.

Ataroff M, Monasterio M. 1997. Soil erosion under different management of coffee plantations in the Venezuelan Andes. Soil Technology 11: 95-108.

Avelino J, Willocquet L, Savary S. 2004. Effects of crop management patterns on coffee rust epidemics. Plant Pathology 53: 541-547.

Babbar LI, Zak DR. 1994. Nitrogen cycling in coffee agroecosystems: net N mineralization and nitrification in the presence and absence of shade trees. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 48: 107-113.

Babbar LI, Zak DR. 1995. Nitrogen loss from coffee agroecosystems in Costa Rica: Leaching and denitrification in the presence and absence of shade trees. Journal of Environmental Quality 24: 227-233.

Bacca T, Lima ER, Picanco MC, Guedes RNC, Viana JHM. 2008. Sampling plan for the coffee leaf miner Leucoptera coffeella with sex pheromone traps. Journal of Applied Entomology 132: 430-438.

Bacon  c. m., Ernesto Mendez, V., E. F-G M., Stuart J, Diaz Flores, S. R. 2008. Are sustainable coffee certifications enough to secure farmer livelihoods? The Millenium Development Goals and Nicaragua’s Fair Trade cooperatives. Globalizations 5: 259-274.

Bacon C. 2005. Confronting the coffee crisis: can Fair Trade, organic, and specialty coffees reduce small-scale farmer vulnerability in northern Nicaragua? World Development 33: 497-511.

Baggio AJ, Caramori PH, Androcioli Filho A, Montoya L. 1997. Productivity of Southern Brazilian coffee plantations shaded by different stockings of Grevillea robusta. Agroforestry Systems 37: 111-120.

Baker PS, Barrera JF, Rivas A. 1992. Life-history studies of the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei, Scolytidae) on coffee trees in southern Mexico. Journal of Applied Ecology 29: 656-662.

Bakermans MH, Vitz AC, Rodewald AD, Rengifo CG. 2009. Migratory songbird use of shade coffee in the Venezuelan Andes with implications for conservation of cerulean warbler. Biological Conservation 142: 2476-2483.

Bali A, Kumar A, Krishnaswamy J. 2007. The mammalian communities in coffee plantations around a protected area in the Western Ghats, India. Biological Conservation 139: 93-102.

Bandeira FP, Martorell C, Meave JA, Caballero J. 2005. The role of rustic coffee plantations in the conservation of wild tree diversity in the Chinantec region of Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 1225-1240.

Barradas VL, Fanjul L. 1986. Microclimatic chacterization of shaded and open-grown coffee (Coffea arabica L.) plantations in Mexico. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 38: 101-112.

Beer J, Muschler R, Kass D, Somarriba E. 1997. Shade management in coffee and cacao plantations. Agroforestry Systems 38: 139-164.

Beuchelt TD, Zeller M. 2011. Profits and poverty: Certification’s troubled link for Nicaragua’s organic and fairtrade coffee producers. Ecological Economics 70: 1316-1324.

Bitzer V, Francken M, Glasbergen P. 2008. Intersectoral partnerships for a sustainable coffee chain: Really addressing sustainability or just picking (coffee) cherries? Global Environmental Change 18: 271-284.

Blackman A, Albers HJ, Avalos-Sartorio B, Crooks Murphy L. 2008. Land cover in a managed forest ecosystem: Mexican shade coffee. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 90: 216-231.

Borkhataria RR, Collazo JA, Groom Martha J. 2006. Additive effects of vertebrate predators on insects in a Puerto Rican coffee plantation. Ecological Applications 16: 696.

Bosselmann AS, Dons K, Oberthur T, Olsen CS, Raebild A, Usma H. 2009. The influence of shade trees on coffee quality in small holder coffee agroforestry systems in Southern Colombia. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 129: 253-260.

Bray DB, Plaza-Sánchez JL, Contreras-Murphy E. 2002. Social dimensions of organic coffee production in Mexico: lessons for eco-labeling initiatives. Society & Natural Resources 15: 429-446.

Brown JS, Whan JH, Kenny MK, Merriman PR. 1995. The effect of coffee leaf rust on foliation and yield of coffee in Papua New Guinea. Crop Protection 14: 589-592.

Brun LO, Stuart J, Gaudichon V, Aronstein K, French-Constant RH. 1995. Functional haplodiploidy: a mechanism for the spread of insecticide resistance in an important international insect pest. PNAS 92: 9861-9865.

Calvo L, Blake J. 1998. Bird diversity and abundance on two. different shade coffee plantations in Guatemala. Bird Conservation International 8: 297-308.

Campanha MM, Santos RHS, de Freitas GD, Martinez HEP, Garcia SKR, Finger FL. 2004. Growth and yield of coffee plants in agroforestry and monoculture systems in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Agroforestry Systems 63: 75-82.

Cannavo P, Sansoulet J, Harmand J-M, Siles P, Dreyer E, Vaast P. 2011. Agroforestry associating coffee and Inga densiflora results in complementarity for water uptake and decreases deep drainage in Costa Rica. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 140: 1-13.

Coltro L, Mourad A, Oliveira P, Baddini J, Kletecke R. 2006. Environmental profile of Brazilian green coffee. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11: 16-21.

Cook RTA, Pereira JL. 1976. Strains of Colletotrichum coffeanum, the causal agent of coffee berry disease, tolerant to benzimidazole compounds in Kenya. Annals of Applied Biology 83: 365-379.

Correia M, Diabaté M, Beavogui P, Guilavogui K, Lamanda N, Foresta H. 2010. Conserving forest tree diversity in Guinée Forestière (Guinea, West Africa): the role of coffee-based agroforests. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 1725-1747.

Cruz-Angon A, Greenberg R. 2004. Are epiphytes important for birds in coffee plantations? An experimental assessment. Journal of Applied Ecology 42: 150-159.

Cruz-Angon A, Sillett TS, Greenberg R. 2008. An experimental study of habitat selection by birds in a coffee plantation. Ecology: 921-927.

D’haeze D, Raes D, Deckers J, Phong TA, Loi HV. 2005. Groundwater extraction for irrigation of Coffea canephora in Ea Tul watershed, Vietnam—a risk evaluation. Agricultural Water Management 73: 1-19.

DaMatta FM. 2004. Ecophysiological constraints on the production of shaded and unshaded coffee: a review. Field Crops Research 86: 99-114.

DaMatta FM, Ramalho Cochicho CD. 2006. Impacts of drought and temperature stress on coffee physiology and production: a review. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology 18: 55-81.

DaMatta FM, Chaves ARM, Pinheiro HA, Ducatti C, Loureiro ME. 2003. Drought tolerance of two field-grown clones of Coffea canephora. Plant Science 164: 111-117.

Damon A. 2000. A review of the biology and control of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 90: 453-465.

Davidson S. 2005. Shade coffee agro-ecosystems in Mexico -- A synopsis of the environmental services and socio-economic considerations. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 21: 81.

Davis AP, Rakotonasolo F. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the baracoffea alliance: nine remarkable Coffea species from western Madagascar. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 355-390.

Davis AP, Govaerts R, Bridson DM, Stoffelen P. 2006. An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 152: 465-512.

Decazy F, Avelino J, Guyot B, Perriot JJ, Pineda C, Cilas C. 2003. Quality of different Honduran coffees in relation to several environments. Journal of Food Science 68: 2356-2361.

Van Der Vossen HAM. 2005. A critical analysis of the agronomic and economic sustainability of organic coffee production. Experimental Agriculture 41: 449-473.

Dietsch T, Philpott SM. 2008. Linking consumers to sustainability: incorporating science into eco-friendly certification. Globalizations 5: 247-258.

Dietsch TV. 2008. Relationship between avian foraging behavior and infestation by Trombiculid larvae (Acari) in Chiapas, Mexico. Biotropica 40: 196-202.

Dietsch TV, Perfecto I., Greenberg R. 2007. Avian foraging behavior in two different types of coffee agrosystem in Chiapas, Mexico. Biotropica 39: 232-240.

Dolia J, Devy MS, Aravind NA, Kumar A. 2008. Adult butterfly communities in coffee plantations around a protected area in the Western Ghats, India. Animal Conservation 11: 26-34.

Dossa EL, Fernandes ECM, Reid WS, Ezui K. 2008. Above- and belowground biomass, nutrient and carbon stocks contrasting an open-grown and a shaded coffee plantation. Agroforestry Systems 72: 103-115.

Dulloo ME, Guarino L, Engelmann F, Maxted N, Newbury JH, Attere F, Ford-Lloyd BV. 1998. Complementary conservation strategies for the genus Coffea: A case study of Mascarene Coffea species. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 45: 565-579.

Eakin H, Tucker C, Castellanos E. 2006. Responding to the coffee crisis: a pilot study of farmers’ adaptations in Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras. Geographical Journal 172: 156-171.

Eakin H, Winkels A, Sendzimir J. 2009. Nested vulnerability: exploring cross-scale linkages and vulnerability teleconnections in Mexican and Vietnamese coffee systems. Environmental Science & Policy 12: 398-412.

Ellis EA, Baerenklau KA, Marcos-Martínez R, Chávez E. 2010. Land use/land cover change dynamics and drivers in a low-grade marginal coffee growing region of Veracruz, Mexico. Agroforestry Systems 80: 61-84.

Escalante EE. 1995. Coffee and agroforestry in Venezuela. Agroforestry Today 7: 5-7.

Eskes AB. 1982. The effect of light intensity on incomplete resistance of coffee to Hemileia vastatrix. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology 88: 191-202.

Etienne H, Anthony F, Dussert S, Fernandez D, Lashermes P, Bertrand B. 2002. Biotechnological applications for the improvement of coffee (Coffea arabica L.). In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology 38: 129-138.

Firman ID, Wallis JAN. 1965. Low-volume spraying to control coffee leaf rust in Kenya. Annals of Applied Biology 55: 123-137.

Fisher C. 2007. Selling coffee, or selling out? Evaluating different ways to analyze the Fair-Trade system. Culture & Agriculture 29: 78-88.

Frank E, Eakin H, Lopez-Carr D. 2011. Social identity, perception and motivation in adaptation to climate risk in the coffee sector of Chiapas, Mexico. Global Environmental Change 21: 66-76.

Gallina S, Mandujano S, Gonzalez-Romero A. 1996. Conservation of mammalian biodiversity in coffee plantations of Central Veracruz, Mexico. Agroforestry Systems 33: 13-27.

Garcia-Estrada C, Damon A, Sanchez Hernandez C, Soto-Pinto L, Ibarra Nunez G. 2006. Bat diversity in montane rainforest and shaded coffee under different management regimes in southeastern Chiapas, Mexico. Biological Conservation 132: 351-361.

Gaveau DL. A, Linkie M, Suyadi, Levang P, Leader-Williams N. 2009. Three decades of deforestation in southwest Sumatra: Effects of coffee prices, law enforcement and rural poverty. Biological Conservation 142: 597-605.

Gay C, Estrada F, Conde C, Eakin H, Villers L. 2006. Potential impacts of climate change on agriculture: a case of study of coffee production in Veracruz, Mexico. Climatic Change 79: 259-288.

Giannetti BF, Ogura Y, Bonilla SH, Almeida CMVB. 2011. Emergy assessment of a coffee farm in Brazilian Cerrado considering in a broad form the environmental services, negative externalities and fair price. Agricultural Systems 104: 679-688.

Gillison AN, Liswanti N, Budidarsono S, Van Noordwijk M, Tomich TP. 2004. Impact of cropping methods on biodiversity in coffee agroecosystems in Sumatra, Indonesia. Ecology and Society 9: 7 [online].

Giovannucci D, Lewin B, Swinkels R, Varangis P. 2004. Socialist Republic of Vietnam Coffee Sector Report.

Gleffe JD, Collazo JA, Groom M. J., Miranda-Castro L. 2006. Avian reproduction and the conservation value of shaded coffee plantations. Ornitologia Neotropical 17: 271-282.

Gobbi JA. 2000. Is biodiversity-friendly coffee financially viable? An analysis of five different coffee production systems in western El Salvador. Ecological Economics 33: 267-281.

Godoy R, Bennett C. 1988. Diversification among coffee smallholders in the highlands of South Sumatra, Indonesia. Human Ecology 16: 397-420.

Gole TW, Borsch T, Denich M, Teketay D. 2008. Floristic composition and environmental factors characterizing coffee forests in southwest Ethiopia. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 2138-2150.

Gonzalez AA, Nigh R. 2005. Smallholder participation and certification of organic farm products in Mexico. Journal of Rural Studies 21: 449-460.

Gordon C, Manson R, Sundberg J, Cruz-Angon A. 2007. Biodiversity, profitability, and vegetation structure in a Mexican coffee agroecosystem. Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment 118: 256-266.

Gordon CE, McGill B, Ibarra-Núñez G, Greenberg R, Perfecto I. 2009. Simplification of a coffee foliage-dwelling beetle community under low-shade management. Basic and Applied Ecology 10: 246-254.

Gove AD, Hylander K, Nemomisa S, Shimelis A. 2008. Ethiopian coffee cultivation--Implications for bird conservation and environmental certification. Conservation Letters 1: 208-216.

Greenberg R, Bichier P, Sterling J. 1997. Bird populations in rustic and planted shade coffee plantations of eastern Chiapas, Mexico. Biotropica 29: 501-514.

Greenberg R, Bichier P, Cruz-Angon A, Reitsma R. 1997. Bird populations in shade and sun coffee plantations in central Guatemala. Conservation Biology 11: 448-459.

Greenberg R, Bichier P, Cruz-Angon A, MacVean C, Perez R, Cano E. 2000. The impact of avian insectivory on arthropods and leaf damage in some Guatemalan coffee plantations. Ecology 81: 1750-1755.

Greenberg R, Reitsma R, Cruz-Angon AC. 1996. Interspecific aggression by Yellow Warblers in a sun coffee plantation. Condor 98: 640-642.

Grossman JM. 2003. Exploring farmer knowledge of soil processes in organic coffee systems of Chiapas, Mexico. Geoderma 111: 267-287.

Haddis A, Devi R. 2008. Effect of effluent generated from coffee processing plant on the water bodies and human health in its vicinity. Journal of Hazardous Materials 152: 259-62.

Hairiah K, Sulistyani H, Suprayogo D, Widianto, Purnomosidhi P, Widodo RH, Van Noordwijk M. 2006. Litter layer residence time in forest and coffee agroforestry systems in Sumberjaya, West Lampung. Forest Ecology and Management 224: 45-57.

Hedstrom I, Denzel A, Owens G. 2006. Orchid bees as bio-indicators for organic coffee farms in Costa Rica: Does farm size affect their abundance? Revista de Biologia Tropical 54: 965-969.

Hedstrom I, Harris J, Fergus K. 2006. Euglossine bees as potential bio-indicators of coffee farms: Does forest access, on a seasonal basis, affect abundance? Revista de Biologia Tropical 54: 1188-1195.

Hein L, Gatzweiler F. 2006. The economic value of coffee (Coffea arabica) genetic resources. Ecological Economics 60: 176-185.

Hergoualc’h K, Blanchart E, Skiba U, Hénault C, Harmand J-M. 2012. Changes in carbon stock and greenhouse gas balance in a coffee (Coffea arabica) monoculture versus an agroforestry system with Inga densiflora, in Costa Rica. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 148: 102-110.

Hernández Martínez G, Manson RH, Contreras Hernandez A. 2009. Quantitative classification of coffee agroecosystems spanning a range of production intensities in central Veracruz, Mexico. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 134: 89-98.

Hietz P. 2005. Conservation of vascular epiphyte diversity in Mexican coffee plantations. Conservation Biology 19: 391-399.

Hylander K, Nemomissa S. 2008. Home garden coffee as a repository of epiphyte biodiversity in Ethiopia. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6: 524-528.

Jacobs RM, Yess NJ. 1993. Survey of imported green coffee beans for pesticide residues. Food Additives and Contaminants 10: 575-577.

Jaramillo J, Chabi-Olaye A, Kamonjo C, Jaramillo A, Vega FE, Poehling H-M, Borgemeister C. 2009. Thermal tolerance of the coffee berry borer Hypothenemus hampei: predictions of climate change impact on a tropical insect pest. PLoS ONE 4: e6487.

Jaramillo J, Chapman EG, Vega FE, Harwood JD. 2010. Molecular diagnosis of a previously unreported predator–prey association in coffee: Karnyothrips flavipes Jones (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) predation on the coffee berry borer. Naturwissenschaften 97: 291-298.

Jedlicka J, Greenberg R, Perfecto I., Philpott SM, Dietsch TV. 2006. Seasonal foraging niche shifts of tropical avian residents: resource competition at work? Journal of Tropical Ecology 22: 385-395.

Jha S, Dick C. W. 2008. Shade coffee farms promote genetic diversity of native trees. Current Biology 18: R1126-R1128.

Jha S, Dick C. W>. 2010. Native bees mediate long-distance pollen dispersal in a shade coffee landscape mosaic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 13760 -13764.

Jha S, Vandermeer JH. 2009. Contrasting bee foraging in response to resource scale and local habitat management. Oikos 118: 1174-1180.

Jha S, Vandermeer JH. 2010. Impacts of coffee agroforestry management on tropical bee communities. Biological Conservation 143: 1423-1431.

Jha S, Bacon CM, Philpott SM, Rice RA, Méndez VE, Läderach P. 2011. A Review of Ecosystem Services, Farmer Livelihoods, and Value Chains in Shade Coffee Agroecosystems. In: Campbell WB, Lopez Ortiz S, eds. Integrating Agriculture, Conservation and Ecotourism: Examples from the Field. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 141-208.

Jirinec V, Campos BR, Johnson MD. 2011. Roosting behaviour of a migratory songbird on Jamaican coffee farms: landscape composition may affect delivery of an ecosystem service. Bird Conservation International FirstView: 1-9.

Johnson M, Levy N, Kellermann J, Robinson D. 2009. Effects of shade and bird exclusion on arthropods and leaf damage on coffee farms in Jamaica’s Blue Mountains. Agroforestry Systems 76: 139-148.

Johnson MD. 2000. Effects of shade-tree species and crop structure on the winter arthropod and bird communities in a Jamaican shade coffee plantation. Biotropica 32: 133-145.

Johnson MD, Sherry TW, Holmes RT, Marra PP. 2006. Assessing habitat quality for a migratory songbird wintering in natural and agricultural habitats. Conservation Biology 20: 1433-1444.

Joshi A, Mudappa D, Raman T. 2009. Brewing trouble: coffee invasion in relation to edges and forest structure in tropical rainforest fragments of the Western Ghats, India. Biological Invasions 11: 2387-2400.

Kairu GM, Nyangena CMS, Crosse JE. 1985. The effect of copper sprays on bacterial blight and coffee berry disease in Kenya. Plant Pathology 34: 207-213.

Kapoor V. 2008. Effects of rainforest fragmentation and shade-coffee plantations on spider communities in the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Insect Conservation 12: 53-68.

Kellermann JL, Johnson MD, Stercho AM, Hackett SC. 2008. Ecological and economic services provided by birds on Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee farms. Conservation Biology 22: 1177-1185.

Kilian B, Jones C, Pratt L, Villalobos A. 2006. Is sustainable agriculture a viable strategy to improve farm income in Central America? A case study on coffee. Journal of Business Research 59: 322-330.

Klein A-M. 2009. Nearby rainforest promotes coffee pollination by increasing spatio-temporal stability in bee species richness. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1838-1845.

Klein AM, Steffan-Dewenter Ingolf, Tscharntke T. 2003. Bee pollination and fruit set of Coffea arabica and C. canephora (Rubiaceae). American Journal of Botany 90: 153-157.

Klein AM, Steffan-Dewenter I., Tscharntke T. 2003. Fruit set of highland coffee increases with the diversity of pollinating bees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 270: 955-961.

Klein A-M, Steffan-Dewenter I., Tscharntke T. 2003. Pollination of Coffea canephora in relation to local and regional agroforestry management. Journal of Applied Ecology 40: 837-845.

Kolk A. 2005. Corporate social responsibility in the coffee sector: the dynamics of MNC responses and code development. European Management Journal 23: 228-236.

Komar O. 2006. Ecology and conservation of birds in coffee plantations: a critical review. Bird Conservation International 16: 1-23.

De La Mora A, Philpott SM. 2010. Wood-nesting ants and their parasites in forests and coffee agroecosystems. Environmental Entomology 39: 1473-1481.

Labouisse J-P, Bellachew B, Kotecha S, Bertrand B. 2008. Current status of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) genetic resources in Ethiopia: implications for conservation. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 55: 1079-1093.

Larsen A, Philpott SM. 2010. Twignesting ants: the hidden predators of the coffee berry borer in Chiapas, Mexico. Biotropica 42: 342-347.

Lepp N, Dickinson N, Ormand K. 1984. Distribution of fungicide-derived copper in soils, litter and vegetation of different aged stands of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) in Kenya. Plant and Soil 77: 263-270.

Lewin B, Giovannucci D, Varangis P. 2004. Coffee markets: new paradigms in global supply and demand.

Lilieholm RJ, Weatherly WP. 2010. Kibale forest wild coffee: challenges to market-based conservation in Africa. Conservation Biology 24: 924-930.

Lin BB. 2007. Agroforestry management as an adaptive strategy against potential microclimate extremes in coffee agriculture. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 144: 85-94.

Lin BB. 2010. The role of agroforestry in reducing water loss through soil evaporation and crop transpiration in coffee agroecosystems. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150: 510-518.

Lindell C, Smith M. 2003. Nesting bird species in sun coffee, pasture, and understory forest in southern Costa Rica. Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 423-440.

Lindell CA, O’Connor RS, Cohen EB. 2011. Nesting success of Neotropical thrushes in coffee and pasture. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123: 502-507.

Linton A. 2005. Partnering for sustainability: Business–NGO alliances in the coffee industry. Development in Practice 15: 600-614.

Linton, A. 2008. A niche for sustainability? Fair labor and environmentally sound practices in the specialty coffee industry. Globalizations 5: 231-245.

Loland J, Singh BR. 2004. Copper contamination of soil and vegetation in coffee orchards after long-term use of Cu fungicides. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 69: 203-211.

Lomeli-Flores JR, Barrera JF, Bernal JS. 2009. Impact of natural enemies on coffee leafminer Leucoptera coffeella (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae) population dynamics in Chiapas, Mexico. Biological Control 51: 51-60.

Lomelí-Flores JR, Barrera JF, Bernal JS. 2010. Impacts of weather, shade cover and elevation on coffee leafminer Leucoptera coffeella (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae) population dynamics and natural enemies. Crop Protection 29: 1039-1048.

López-Gómez AM, Williams-Linera G, Manson RH. 2008. Tree species diversity and vegetation structure in shade coffee farms in Veracruz, Mexico. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 124: 160-172.

Lyngbæk AE, Muschler RG, Sinclair FL. 2001. Productivity and profitability of multistrata organic versus conventional coffee farms in Costa Rica. Agroforestry Systems 53: 205-213.

Lyon S. 2006. Migratory imaginations: The commodification and contradictions of shade grown coffee. Social Anthropology 14: 377-390.

Lyon S. 2007. Maya coffee farmers and Fair Trade: assessing the benefits and limitations of alternative markets. Culture & Agriculture 29: 100-112.

M. van Oijen, Dauzat J, Harmand J-M-M, Lawson G, Vaast P. 2010. Coffee agroforestry systems in Central America: II. Development of a simple process-based model and preliminary results. Agroforestry Systems 80: 361-378.

Magalhães STV, Guedes RNC, Lima ER, Demuner AJ. 2008. Coffee leaf volatiles and egg laying by the coffee leaf miner Leucoptera coffeella. Crop Protection 27: 1038-1041.

Mahe L, Varzea VMP, Le Pierres D, Combes M-C, Lashermes P. 2007. A new source of resistance against coffee leaf rust from New-Caledonian natural interspecific hybrids between Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora. Plant Breeding 126: 638-641.

Martínez-Verduzco GC, Galeana-Pizaña JM, Cruz-Bello GM. 2012. Coupling community mapping and supervised classification to discriminate shade coffee from natural vegetation. Applied Geography 34: 1-9.

Mas AH, Dietsch TV. 2003. An index of management intensity for coffee agroecosystems to evaluate butterfly species richness. Ecological Applications 13: 1491-1501.

Mas AH, Dietsch TV. 2004. Linking shade coffee certification to biodiversity conservation: butterflies and birds in Chiapas, Mexico. Ecological Applications 14: 642-654.

McMurtry JJ. 2009. Ethical value-added: Fair Trade and the case of Café Femenino. Journal of Business Ethics 86: 27-49.

Mendez VE, Gliessman SR, Gilbert GS. 2007. Tree biodiversity in farmer cooperatives of a shade coffee landscape in western El Salvador. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 1-2: 145-159.

Méndez V, Shapiro E, Gilbert G. 2009. Cooperative management and its effects on shade tree diversity, soil properties and ecosystem services of coffee plantations in western El Salvador. Agroforestry Systems 76: 111-126.

Méndez VE, Bacon CM, Olson M, Morris KS, Shattuck A. 2010. Agrobiodiversity and shade coffee smallholder livelihoods: a review and synthesis of ten years of research in Central America. The Professional Geographer 62: 357-376.

Moguel P, Toledo VM. 1999. Biodiversity conservation in traditional coffee systems of Mexico. Conservation Biology 13: 11-21.

Mondego JMC, Guerreiro-Filho O, Bengtson MH, Drummond R, Felix J de M, Duarte MP, Ramiro D, Maluf MP, Sogayar MC, Menossi M. 2005. Isolation and characterization of Coffea genes induced during coffee leaf miner (Leucoptera coffeella) infestation. Plant Science 169: 351-360.

Moorhead LC, Philpott SM, Bichier P. 2010. Epiphyte biodiversity in the coffee agricultural matrix: canopy stratification and distance from forest fragments. Conservation Biology 24: 737-746.

De al Mora A, Livingston G, Philpott SM. 2008. Arboreal ant abundance and leaf miner damage in coffee agroecosystems in Mexico. Biotropica 40: 742-746.

Mouen Bedimo JA, Cilas C, Nottéghem JL, Bieysse D. 2012. Effect of temperatures and rainfall variations on the development of coffee berry disease caused by Colletotrichum kahawae. Crop Protection 31: 125-131.

Muleta D, Assefa F, Nemoissa S, Granhall U. 2001. Composition of coffee shade tree species and density of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) spores in Bonga natural coffee forest, southwestern Ethiopia. Forest Ecology and Management 241: 145-154.

Mulinge SK. 1971. Effect of altitude on the distribution of the fungus causing coffee berry disease in Kenya. Annals of Applied Biology 67: 93-98.

Muriel SB, Kattan GH. 2009. Effects of patch size and type of coffee matrix on Ithomiine butterfly diversity and dispersal in cloud-forest fragments. Conservation Biology 23: 948-956.

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